Zimbabwe’s New Education Curriculum At A Glance

by Kenneth Moyo| 

The Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education effected the new curriculum in January 2017. The Minister Dr Lazarus Dokora said that the new education syllabus is meant to modernize the education system to be in line with modern technologies and an assessment on the schools’ infrastructure is going to be conducted to see if they are ready for the new system.

The aims of the new curriculum include motivating learners to cherish their Zimbabwean identity and value their heritage, history and cultural tradition and preparing them for participatory citizenship.

The Minister also said that the new Curriculum framework will prepare graduates of the education system to have the following skills: critical thinking, problem solving abilities, leadership skills, good communication skills, team building and technological skills.
The Framework outlines the following learning areas for the three learning levels:

Infant School:
•Indigenous Language as medium of instruction

•Visual and Performing Arts (Expressive Arts)
•Physical Education

•Mass Displays
•Mathematics and Science
•Social Studies (Family and Heritage Studies)

Junior School
•Languages

•Mathematics
•Social Studies
•Science and Technology
•Agriculture
•Information and Communication Technology
•Visual and Performing Arts

•Family, Religion and Moral Education
•Physical Education, Sport and Mass Display

Forms 1 to 4
•Heritage Studies (embracing Zimbabwe Constitution)

•Mathematics
•Sciences: Physics, Chemistry, Biology option Gen Science
•Humanities including History, Geography, Religious Studies, Sociology, Economic History

•Literature in Indigenous Languages and in English
•Indigenous Languages and English Language
•Foreign Languages: French, Swahili, Chinese, Portuguese
•ICT: Programming Language and Packages
•Agriculture

•Commercials: Accounting, Commerce, Economics, Business and Enterprise Skills
•Practical subjects: Wood, Metal, Textile Technologies
•Physical Education, Sport and Mass Displays

The new curriculum will also prepare learners for life and work in an indigenised economy and increasingly globalised and competitive environment and ensuring learners demonstrate desirable literacy and numeracy skill, including practical competences necessary for life.

Other aims of the new system are preparing and orienting learners for participation in voluntary service and leadership and fostering life-long learning in line with the emerging opportunities and challenges of the knowledge society.

The new curriculum is to be implemented in seven phases (2016-2022) and implementation commenced as of January this year.

Phase 1 is concerned with preparation and syllabus development said Mr Bango, Mabhukudwana primary headmaster. “It focuses attention to areas such as development and printing of syllabuses, development of learning materials (text books, handbook and manuals), induction of all teachers into the new curriculum, syllabus interpretation for teachers and supervisors taking the following classes in 2017: ECD ‘A’, Grade 1, Grade 3, Form 1, Form 3 and Form 5.”

However, Gogo Moyo says the new curriculum has a lot of demands. Grade ECD is required to have books meant for form four. “I have to buy six to seven counter-books for grade ECD,” said Gogo maMoyo.

Honorable P. Masuku, Matabeleland Member of parliament said, they have received complaints from parents on the new curriculum. “The new curriculum was introduced when the economy of our country is in bad shape, said MP Masuku. “And the introduction of ECD A and B is problematic because there is no infrastructure for those grades.

Moreover, MP Masuku said the teachers had not been orientated or educated about the new curriculum. As the students are learning the teachers are also learning.

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