Infertility

By Sibonokuhle P Mpofu

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I believe every woman would love to be a mother but there are factors which hinder us from fulfilling and living this dream. I would love to be a mother but I cannot ignore the fact that I may not have my own children due to abnormalities within me. Today I will be talking about infertility in women, the causes, treatment and prevention.

There are a number of things that may be keeping you from getting pregnant. The common causes of female infertility include problems with infertility, damage to fallopian tubes or uterus, or problems with the cervix and hormonal problems. Age is also another factor which cannot be ignored. When a women ages, her fertility naturally decreases, thus their ability to conceive also decreases. Conditions such as fibroid, polyps and adenomyosis may lead to the obstruction of the uterus and Fallopian tubes.

Damage to Fallopian tubes can prevent sperm from reaching an egg. Fallopian tubes carry eggs from ovaries which produce eggs to the uterus where the baby develops. They can be damaged when scars form after pelvic infections, endometriosis and pelvis surgery.

If the body isn’t going through the usual hormone changes that lead to the release of an egg from the ovary and the thickening of the lining of the uterus you might not get pregnant. Last of last week I talked about hormonal balance and its symptoms, failure to fall pregnant is another effect of hormonal imbalance but I believe it can be treated.

Fibroids and polyps can interfere with getting pregnant. Uterine polyps and fibroids are caused by the abnormal growth of cells in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus.

Infertility can be treated through surgery, medication, in vitro fertilisation (IVF), intracytoplasmis sperm injection, gamete intrafallopian tube transfer (GIFT), zygote intrafallopian transfer and egg donation (ZIFT).

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