Tag Archives: Education

Goats as school fees

By Kenneth Moyo |

Zimbabwean state authorities say local people can now offer livestock like goats or perform some work at schools as a way of paying school fees for children.Primary Education Minister Lazarus Dokora and the ministry’s permanent secretary Sylvia Utete Masango said that this can be done by parents failing to raise cash in an economy hard-hit by crippling money shortages.

“This move has set social media sphere on fire with some people claiming that the government has crippled all operations in the country, forcing it to come up with an idea of batter trade in schools.”

Dokora is quoted by the newspaper as saying schools should be flexible and ensure that people without cash can either pay fees in the form of livestock or offer their services to school authorities. “On the issue of livestock, the community has to arrange a market where everyone participates; from the school authorities, local leadership and parents themselves to avoid being duped.”

His sentiments were echoed by Utete Masango who said, “In terms of valuation, school heads will stand in for the primary and secondary education ministry and school development committee members for parents. They will jointly determine the value of livestock, and can then use the money realized to upgrade school infrastructure or help with agriculture.”

This move has set the social media sphere on fire with some people claiming that the government has crippled all operations in the country, forcing it to come up with an idea of batter trade in schools.

Social media has met the goats-for-fees idea with a mixture of scorn and gallows humour. Zimbabwean novelist Tsitsi Dangarembga tweeted “If we had been told in 1970 ‘We are fighting to introduce cattle and goats as currency. Please help & die for this’ what would we have said?”; while another Twitter user – Innocent Mazombe, tweeted -Can I get a job as a goat evaluator?”

This development follows the recent tabling of a bill in parliament to direct banks to accept livestock as collateral for cash loans to informal businesses. The Movable Property Security Interests bill, if passed, will allow livestock and household appliances to be acceptable as collateral after evaluation and registration by the central bank.

Cash shortages hit Zimbabwe last year after the government threatened to grab all foreign companies operating in the country under the Indigenisation and Empowerment Law.Banks in Zimbabwe were compelled to reduce withdrawal bank limits for customers to as low as US$40


Schools Arts Sports & Science Festivals At A Glance

by Kenneth Moyo |

A growing number of Schools Arts, Sports and science festivals (SASSAF) are now taking place across schools in Zimbabwe. The SASAF are intended to be a platform for pupils to show their talents in sports, arts and in academic. Mabhukudwana primary school held their five-day SASSF program which ended on the 31 of March

Schools Arts, Sports and science festivals are intended to be a platform for pupils to show their talents in sports, arts and in academic


 Mabhukudwana primary Grade 2 students

During the festival, pupils from grade 0-7 participated in science displays. The main purpose of science displays is to empower participants with practical and theoretical knowledge, as well as experience to become (better) science show creators and/or performers. Participants worked in groups to carry out experiments and they presented their experiments in front of parents, teachers and other fellow students.

SASSF is in the framework of the new curriculum. According to Primary and Secondary Education minister Lazarus Dokora the new curriculum, saying it is going to open up opportunities for Zimbabweans to be skilful and not just be mere academics. He also said it was good for people to be academic, skills and other dimensions fulfilled in the updated curriculum would also make learning easy for pupils.

SASSAF displays are not competitive programs,” said Mr Bango, Mabhukudwana headmaster. “They are activities carried out by students to show parents, teachers and other fellow students what they have been learning or just to show their talents.”

The new curriculum is work in progress thing said the Mr Bango. Pupils are continuously accessed and SASSAF is one way to assess pupils under the new curriculum.

Zimbabwe has been using one curriculum since 1980. The feeling is that the curriculum lacks practical skills training, known as psycho-motor. The Nziramasanga Report carried out in 1999 recommended a review of the education curriculum to incorporate psycho-motor skills.

Schools Sports and Science Festivals: At A Glance

by Kenneth Moyo |

The Schools Annual Sports and Science Festival are one of the most trending activities in Zimbabwe’s schools this year. It provides an amazing competitive environment for students from all over the nation to showcase their talents in academic, sports and arts.

SASSAF is an event where by student showcase their talents in science, sports and in arts”

SASSAF is an event where by student showcase their talents in science, sports and in arts, said Mrs K Nkomo, Nkulumane High SASSAF organiser. Mrs Nkomo said the SASSF program starts at school level and then we go on to cluster level, district level, provincial level and then final national level.

During the first term students participate at school level and cluster level and the second term they go on to district level and provincial level.

Mrs Nkomo said, “The new curriculum emphasizes on hands on, no student is said to be dull. We portfolio each student so that when they finish school they have at least one thing that they have achieved from school.”

Figure Nkulumane High School student display WUSHU

The events lined up for sports displays up included Dram Majorettes, Soccer for girls and boys, Basketball for boys and girls, Net ball, volley ball and Rugby.

In addition to conventional games, there was Wushu. Wushu is a Chinese martial art. It was one of eight sports being considered for a single spot in the 2020 Olympics. In May 2013 the IOC decided to drop wushu from the shortlist. Another vote to add a sport onto the 2020 Tokyo Olympic program in June 2015 found wushu short listed with another 7 sports, but again it was dropped from the list.

Wushu is both an exhibition and full-contact sport, derived from traditional Chinese martial arts. Wushu competitions are generally divided into two disciplines- taolu (forms) and sanda (sparring). Wushu is a sport developed in China in the 1940’s. The goal was to standardize the practice of traditional martial arts. Wushu actually means martial arts in Chinese: Wu means military or martial, and Shu means art.


  1. https://www.newsday.co.zw/2017/02/23/dokora-comes-defence-new-curriculum/
  2. http://www.topendsports.com/events/summer/sports/wushu.htm
  3. http://thezimbabwean.co/2017/02/statement-zimbabwes-new-school-curriculum/

STEM In Zimbabwe At A Glance

by Kenneth Moyo | 

STEM is a curriculum based on the idea of educating students in four specific disciplines — science, technology, engineering and mathematics in an interdisciplinary and applied approach.

The initiative has been driven by the need for science and technology skills in various facets of the economy, something that government highlighted in its economic blueprint, the Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable Socio-Economic Transformation (Zim-Asset).


STEM was introduced in January 2016. STEM encourages ordinary students who obtained C or better in mathematics, biology, physics and chemistry to pursue sciences at advanced level.

The government has been paying fees for students who registered under STEM, which seeks to come up with a dynamic future for Zimbabwe by creating a critical mass of scientific mindsets that are empowered to create industries and markets of the future.

The STEM programme launched by the Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education Science and Technology Development last year has seen beneficiaries for the Lower Sixth and Upper Sixth form totalling 10 495. Statistics released by the Zimbabwe Development Fund (Zimdef) show that 5 431 pupils enrolled for the Lower Sixth Form this year compared to 5 136 last year.

The number of Upper Six formers has reduced to 5 064 after some pupils were allegedly enticed by scholarships from the private sector. Zimdef has paid out $3 949 638, 99 for both classes as well as examination fees for the Upper Sixth formers. Statistics show that 533 pupils from Bulawayo have registered compared to about 500 last year while, Matabeleland North has 182 pupils compared to 145 last year and Matabeleland South dropped from 500 to 341.

Higher Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development Minister, Professor Jonathan Moyo, is on record as saying his ministry will in the next 10 years produce 50 000 STEM technologists and engineers meant to industrialise and modernise Zimbabwe’s economy.


1. All students with grade C or better in STEM subjects should proceed to the school of their choice for ‘A’ level registration;
2. Registration for funding under this initiative is strictly for a combination of three or more of STEM subjects – Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology;
3. Upon registration, students should take the following documents to the nearest ZIMDEF offices in the province where their ‘A’ level school is located;
a) a certified copy of the result slip;
b) an admission letter from the school;
c) a certified copy of your birth certificate;
d) School invoices for tuition and boarding fees with banking details clearly stated;
e) school receipts if payment has already been made;


  1. http://www.techzim.co.zw/2017/02/1500-students-currently-receiving-free-education-zimbabwes-stem-initiative/

  2. https://www.facebook.com/zimbayouth/posts/1300774006606249

  3. http://www.chronicle.co.zw/stem-uptake-increases/

Zimbabwe’s New Education Curriculum At A Glance

by Kenneth Moyo| 

The Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education effected the new curriculum in January 2017. The Minister Dr Lazarus Dokora said that the new education syllabus is meant to modernize the education system to be in line with modern technologies and an assessment on the schools’ infrastructure is going to be conducted to see if they are ready for the new system.

The aims of the new curriculum include motivating learners to cherish their Zimbabwean identity and value their heritage, history and cultural tradition and preparing them for participatory citizenship.

The Minister also said that the new Curriculum framework will prepare graduates of the education system to have the following skills: critical thinking, problem solving abilities, leadership skills, good communication skills, team building and technological skills.
The Framework outlines the following learning areas for the three learning levels:

Infant School:
•Indigenous Language as medium of instruction

•Visual and Performing Arts (Expressive Arts)
•Physical Education

•Mass Displays
•Mathematics and Science
•Social Studies (Family and Heritage Studies)

Junior School

•Social Studies
•Science and Technology
•Information and Communication Technology
•Visual and Performing Arts

•Family, Religion and Moral Education
•Physical Education, Sport and Mass Display

Forms 1 to 4
•Heritage Studies (embracing Zimbabwe Constitution)

•Sciences: Physics, Chemistry, Biology option Gen Science
•Humanities including History, Geography, Religious Studies, Sociology, Economic History

•Literature in Indigenous Languages and in English
•Indigenous Languages and English Language
•Foreign Languages: French, Swahili, Chinese, Portuguese
•ICT: Programming Language and Packages

•Commercials: Accounting, Commerce, Economics, Business and Enterprise Skills
•Practical subjects: Wood, Metal, Textile Technologies
•Physical Education, Sport and Mass Displays

The new curriculum will also prepare learners for life and work in an indigenised economy and increasingly globalised and competitive environment and ensuring learners demonstrate desirable literacy and numeracy skill, including practical competences necessary for life.

Other aims of the new system are preparing and orienting learners for participation in voluntary service and leadership and fostering life-long learning in line with the emerging opportunities and challenges of the knowledge society.

The new curriculum is to be implemented in seven phases (2016-2022) and implementation commenced as of January this year.

Phase 1 is concerned with preparation and syllabus development said Mr Bango, Mabhukudwana primary headmaster. “It focuses attention to areas such as development and printing of syllabuses, development of learning materials (text books, handbook and manuals), induction of all teachers into the new curriculum, syllabus interpretation for teachers and supervisors taking the following classes in 2017: ECD ‘A’, Grade 1, Grade 3, Form 1, Form 3 and Form 5.”

However, Gogo Moyo says the new curriculum has a lot of demands. Grade ECD is required to have books meant for form four. “I have to buy six to seven counter-books for grade ECD,” said Gogo maMoyo.

Honorable P. Masuku, Matabeleland Member of parliament said, they have received complaints from parents on the new curriculum. “The new curriculum was introduced when the economy of our country is in bad shape, said MP Masuku. “And the introduction of ECD A and B is problematic because there is no infrastructure for those grades.

Moreover, MP Masuku said the teachers had not been orientated or educated about the new curriculum. As the students are learning the teachers are also learning.